*click to enlarge diagram. "back" to return.

Wishing you all a very happy christmas and a bright New Year in 2011.

Love is the strongest Power in the universe.

Some of us feel so traumatised and distressed at times that it feels a most difficult thing to love anyone or anything. At least we can try; practise the Form, and the reality may follow. The Dalai Lama is our shining example. Especially the most troublesome people need love, for that is ultimately the only remedy for our human tragedies. Peace on Earth and Goodwill to all men and women and children and Sentient beings and even to non sentient beings. Alleluja.

____________________________________________________________

27/12/2014 Thank you to all the people who visit this here Page at Christmas Time over the years. This year there is a crocheted Cone like a Tree and more interesting information. Happy 2015 to ALL.

_____________________________________________________________________

## Tuesday, December 21, 2010

## Monday, December 20, 2010

### More series, and IFF, if and only if....

*please note: these tables begin with F(n) : F1 is 0, F2 is 1, F3 is 1, F2 is 2, etc. Most other websites begin with F0 is 0, F1 is 1, F2 is 2 etc. Therefore my calculations are one out.

Here is the equation:-

I have begun an ambitious model, F21 = 6765, already completed, for a seashell, next row will be 10946 stitches, if I can bear to finish it.

I wondered how long is this edge, so I measured 1000 stitches and it was about 208cm.

192 cm is very close to 208.

More next time, my time on library computer is up.

**Please note****There is an error in addition in F81. It should be 23 416 728 348 467 685****and also in F99. It should be 135 301 852 344 706 746 049.****All the nearby numbers need correction also.****What is signifant about 192?**

Here is the equation:-

**F(n) x 192/100000 = F(n-13) metres****which is the length of each row or edge iff 1000 stitches measure 192 cm.**I have begun an ambitious model, F21 = 6765, already completed, for a seashell, next row will be 10946 stitches, if I can bear to finish it.

I wondered how long is this edge, so I measured 1000 stitches and it was about 208cm.

192 cm is very close to 208.

More next time, my time on library computer is up.

## Sunday, December 5, 2010

### Fibonacci Series

*** please note: Most websites begin with F0 = 0, F1 = 1, F2 = 1, F3 = 2, F4 = 3 etc.

*** my F1 is 0, F2 is 1 etc. Thus all my data is one iteration different. Here are some more ratios:-

F11/F12 = 55/89 = 0.6179775

F16/F17 = 610/987 = 0.6180344

F17/F18 = 987/1597 = 0.618338

F29/F30 = 317811/514229 = 0.6180339

F10/F12 = 34/89 = 0.3820224

F16/F18 = 610/1597 = 0.3819661

F20/F22 = 4181/10046 = 0.381966

F31/F33 = 832040/2178309 = 0.381966

F10/F13 = 34/144 = 0.236

F15/F18 = 377/1597 = 0.2360676

F19/F22 = 2584/10946 = 0.2360679

F30/F33 = 514229/2178309 = 0.2360679

F10/F14 = 34/233 = 0.1459227

F14/F18 = 233/1598 = 0.1458985

F18/F22 = 1597/10946 = 0.145898

F29/F33 = 317811/2178309 = 1.45898

F10/F19 = 34/2584 = 0.01315

F29/F38 = 317811/24157817 = 0.0131556

F30/F39 = 514229/39088169 = 0.0131556

***************

There is an excellent website http://www.evolutionoftruth.com/

which gives us many more relationship numbers regarding phi.

5/3 = 1.66 = phi

8/5 = 1.6

eg phi squared = phi + 1.

1/phi = phi-1 ie 0.61804

1 squared + 1 squared + .... F(n) squared = F(n) = F(n+1)

34/21=1.6190476

Relationships with DNA and Solar System

http://www.goldennumber.net/

F10 x 100000/ F23 = 3400000/17711 = 191.97109

F15 x 100000/F28 = 37700000/196418 = 191.9376

F20 x 100000/F33 = 418100000/2178309 =

F24 x 100000/F37 = 2865700000/14930352 = 28657/149.30352 =

F30 x 10000/F43 = 51422900000/267914296 = 514229/2679.14296 =

F30 x 100000/F43 = 51422900000/267914296 = 514229/2679.14296 =

*** my F1 is 0, F2 is 1 etc. Thus all my data is one iteration different. Here are some more ratios:-

**F(n-1)/F(n)**F11/F12 = 55/89 = 0.6179775

F16/F17 = 610/987 = 0.6180344

F17/F18 = 987/1597 = 0.618338

F29/F30 = 317811/514229 = 0.6180339

**F(n-2)/F(n)**F10/F12 = 34/89 = 0.3820224

F16/F18 = 610/1597 = 0.3819661

F20/F22 = 4181/10046 = 0.381966

F31/F33 = 832040/2178309 = 0.381966

**F(n-3)/F(n)**F10/F13 = 34/144 = 0.236

F15/F18 = 377/1597 = 0.2360676

F19/F22 = 2584/10946 = 0.2360679

F30/F33 = 514229/2178309 = 0.2360679

**F(n-4)/F(n)**F10/F14 = 34/233 = 0.1459227

F14/F18 = 233/1598 = 0.1458985

F18/F22 = 1597/10946 = 0.145898

F29/F33 = 317811/2178309 = 1.45898

**F(n-9)/Fn)**F10/F19 = 34/2584 = 0.01315

F29/F38 = 317811/24157817 = 0.0131556

F30/F39 = 514229/39088169 = 0.0131556

***************

There is an excellent website http://www.evolutionoftruth.com/

which gives us many more relationship numbers regarding phi.

5/3 = 1.66 = phi

8/5 = 1.6

eg phi squared = phi + 1.

1/phi = phi-1 ie 0.61804

1 squared + 1 squared + .... F(n) squared = F(n) = F(n+1)

34/21=1.6190476

Relationships with DNA and Solar System

http://www.goldennumber.net/

**************************************************F(n-13) x 100000/F(n) F10**F10 x 100000/ F23 = 3400000/17711 = 191.97109

F15 x 100000/F28 = 37700000/196418 = 191.9376

F20 x 100000/F33 = 418100000/2178309 =

**191.93787**F24 x 100000/F37 = 2865700000/14930352 = 28657/149.30352 =

**191.93787**F30 x 10000/F43 = 51422900000/267914296 = 514229/2679.14296 =

**191.93787**F30 x 100000/F43 = 51422900000/267914296 = 514229/2679.14296 =

**191.93787****All the way here, it is close to 192.****What does this signify?****A brand new equation!**## Sunday, November 21, 2010

### Fibonacci Equations

It has been a long time since I posted any new items. In a caravan with no electricity and no mobile phone reception there is no way of having my own computer, not even with wifi.

In the meantime the Australian Museum in Sydney was kind enough to show a display of mine for 2 weeks as part of the Alive! Exhibition on biodiversity, in September.

Summer is coming and the wild oats are up to 8 ft tall. I am having trouble looking after 4 acres of land by myself working only with hand tools. Pink and red bush roses are abundantly in flower after the unusual rains of winter and spring. Chocolate lilies ( yes they do have this perfume) are flowering in grassy woodland remnants.

Mindful of last year's devastating bushfires I am publishing the equations I have found in connection with the Fibonacci Series. If my caravan were to burn down then all my papers and models would be lost. I am only briefly noting them. There is a lot to document and it might be a slow process. So here goes:-

1.

F30 = F29 + F28=317811 + 196418 = 514229

2.

F17 = 2F15 + F14 = 2x377 + 233 = 754 + 233 = 987

F20 = 2F18 + F17 = 2x1597 + 987 = 3194 + 987 = 4181

F30 = 2F28 + F27 = 2x196418 + 121393 = 514229

3.

F1 +....F10 = 0+1+1+2+3+5+8+13+21+34 = 88 = 89-1

F1 + F2 + ....F16 = F18 - 1 = 0+1+1+2+3+....+610 = 1596 = 1597-1

4.

F14 = 7x F10 - F6 = (7 x 34) - 5 = 238 - 5 = 233 = F14

5.

6.

7.

........................................................................................

F8/F7 = 13/8 = 1.625

F10/F9 = 34/21 = 1.6190476

F12/F11 = 89/55 = 1.6181818

F16/F15 = 610/377 = 1.6180371

F18/F17 = 1597/987 = 1.6180344

F20/F19 = 4181/2584 = 1.618034

F30/F29 = 514229/317811 = 1.6180339

F40/F39 = 63245986/39088169 = 1.6180339

In the meantime the Australian Museum in Sydney was kind enough to show a display of mine for 2 weeks as part of the Alive! Exhibition on biodiversity, in September.

Summer is coming and the wild oats are up to 8 ft tall. I am having trouble looking after 4 acres of land by myself working only with hand tools. Pink and red bush roses are abundantly in flower after the unusual rains of winter and spring. Chocolate lilies ( yes they do have this perfume) are flowering in grassy woodland remnants.

Mindful of last year's devastating bushfires I am publishing the equations I have found in connection with the Fibonacci Series. If my caravan were to burn down then all my papers and models would be lost. I am only briefly noting them. There is a lot to document and it might be a slow process. So here goes:-

1.

**F(n) = F(n-1) + F(n-2)....**this is well know; it is definition of the seriesF30 = F29 + F28=317811 + 196418 = 514229

2.

**F(n) = 2F(n-2) + F(n-3).**......this is used for seashell spiralsF17 = 2F15 + F14 = 2x377 + 233 = 754 + 233 = 987

F20 = 2F18 + F17 = 2x1597 + 987 = 3194 + 987 = 4181

F30 = 2F28 + F27 = 2x196418 + 121393 = 514229

3.

**F(1) + F(2) + F(3) +.....+F(n) = F(n + 2) - 1**....this is sum totalF1 +....F10 = 0+1+1+2+3+5+8+13+21+34 = 88 = 89-1

F1 + F2 + ....F16 = F18 - 1 = 0+1+1+2+3+....+610 = 1596 = 1597-1

4.

**F(n) = 7F(n-4) - F(n-8)....**this came up while working out how to crochet a whirlpoolF14 = 7x F10 - F6 = (7 x 34) - 5 = 238 - 5 = 233 = F14

5.

**F(n) = 2F(n-4) + 3F(n-3) ....**further "unpacking" of the series.6.

**F(n) = 5F(n-4) + 3F(n-5)....**ditto of above7.

**F(n) = 5F(n-6) + 8F(n-5)....**ditto........................................................................................

**8. The following are spookily exact especially at the higher numbers, not always so at lowest iterations:-**

**F(n) / F(n-1)**F8/F7 = 13/8 = 1.625

F10/F9 = 34/21 = 1.6190476

F12/F11 = 89/55 = 1.6181818

F16/F15 = 610/377 = 1.6180371

F18/F17 = 1597/987 = 1.6180344

F20/F19 = 4181/2584 = 1.618034

F30/F29 = 514229/317811 = 1.6180339

F40/F39 = 63245986/39088169 = 1.6180339

..................................................................................

****This is Phi, a "transcedental number

**",**1.6180339887498

The golden mean is 1:618

or 2:3:5

****There is

**a most extraordinary website**http://www.humanresonance.org/

The author Alexander Putney has written a book on Phi. One can read it online for free.

NB. 5/2013 Incredibly, this website has been stolen! The author had to buy a new web domain.

It is http://www.human-resonance.org

...................................................................................

**F(n)/F(n-2)**

F12/F10 = 89/34 = 2.617647

F20/F18 = 4181/1597 = 2.6180338

F40/F38 = 63245986/24157817 = 2.6180339

**F(n)/F(n-3)**

F12/F9 = 89/21 = 4.2380952

F20/F17 = 4181/ 987 = 4.2360688

F40/F37 = 63245986/14930352 = 4.2360679

**F(n)/F(n-4)**

F12/F8 = 89/13 = 6.8461538

F20/F16 = 4181/610 = 6.8540983

F40/F36 = 63245986/9227465 = 6.8541019

**F(n)/F(n-5)**

F20/F15 = 4181/377 = 11.090185

F36/F31 = 9227465/832040 = 11.090169

F40/F35 = 63245986/5702887 = 11.090169

**F(n)/F(n-6)**

F16/F10 = 610/34 = 17.941176

F26/F20 = 75025/4181 = 17.944271

F40/F34 = 63245986/3524578 = 17.944271

**F(n)/F(n-7)**

F10/F3 = 34/1 = 34

F11/F4 = 55/2 = 27.5

F17/F10 = 987/34 = 29.029411

F33/F26 = 2178309/75025 = 29.034441

F40/F33 = 63245986/2178309 = 29.034441

**F(n)/F(n-10)**

F26/F16 = 75025/610 = 122.9918

F36/F26 = 9227465/75025 = 122.99186

F40/F30 = 63245986/514229 = 122.99186

**....................................................**

**F(n)/F(n-20)**

F27/F7 = 121393/8 = 15174.125

F30/F10 = 514229/34 = 15124.382

F55/F35 = 86267571272/5702887

divide top and bottom each by 1000, ie 1.

=86267571/5702.887 = 15126.999

F60/F40 =

956722026041/63245986 = 95672203/6324.5986

956722026041/63245986 = 95672203/6324.5986

= 15126.999

F90/F70 = 1779978866004714/117669030460994

= 17799789/1176.69 = 15126.9999

Amazing, isn't it, and elegant?

It is fascinating playing around with these numbers. There is intricate correlation indeed!

Cheerio from Tiiu Vanamois till later.

9. Half F(n) = 9[ 0.5 x 2F(n-8) + F(n-9)] - half F(n-12)

........ for knitting a half clam shell with wavy lips!

10. Half F(n) = 9[ 0.5x2F(n-7) + F(n-8)] - half F(n-13)

for half clam

11. There is also Half F(n) = 9[F(n-6)] - half F(n-12)

These lines got placed oddly.

One day I might be able to elaborate more fully

but I think it is beyond the scope of a little blog.

Cheerio from Tiiu Vanamois till later.

9. Half F(n) = 9[ 0.5 x 2F(n-8) + F(n-9)] - half F(n-12)

........ for knitting a half clam shell with wavy lips!

10. Half F(n) = 9[ 0.5x2F(n-7) + F(n-8)] - half F(n-13)

for half clam

11. There is also Half F(n) = 9[F(n-6)] - half F(n-12)

**0.5 x 2Fn denotes knit 2 together to make 1.**

These equations are not quite right yet but they are on the way.These equations are not quite right yet but they are on the way

These lines got placed oddly.

One day I might be able to elaborate more fully

but I think it is beyond the scope of a little blog.

## Sunday, August 15, 2010

### One Big Family

This crochet model is the shape formed for 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256, 512. That is the shape of the web of ancestors for one single person, for 200 years, or 10 generations.

Extend that out further into 20,000 years and more.....

Multiply by the number of people on earth now.

There will be merging of ancestors for siblings.

Every time two people are married, there is merging of ancestral lineages.For that matter, there would be merging of ancestors each time two people have sex, especially if there is a child conceived.

From the previous population graph, there will be a limit to the number of ancestors possible. Somewhere further along is the Common ancestor, the UR mother and the UR father. My guess is that there may be more than one seed person ancestor, one for each human type group, eg asian, african, aboriginal, european, maybe siberian or from Altai Mountains area. DNA and deep ancestry investigations are interesting.

Are we One big family or a number of different families?

on its way....

Please click on image to enlarge it.

It seems as if the planet was seeded by a number of different races-----so I don't think we are related to everyone on the planet back in 1400s.........

The Tree of Life has many dead and broken branches.

Said by Charles Darwin.

So also has the

Extend that out further into 20,000 years and more.....

Multiply by the number of people on earth now.

There will be merging of ancestors for siblings.

Every time two people are married, there is merging of ancestral lineages.For that matter, there would be merging of ancestors each time two people have sex, especially if there is a child conceived.

From the previous population graph, there will be a limit to the number of ancestors possible. Somewhere further along is the Common ancestor, the UR mother and the UR father. My guess is that there may be more than one seed person ancestor, one for each human type group, eg asian, african, aboriginal, european, maybe siberian or from Altai Mountains area. DNA and deep ancestry investigations are interesting.

Are we One big family or a number of different families?

**More 12/6/2014. It has taken me so long to publish this!**on its way....

Please click on image to enlarge it.

It seems as if the planet was seeded by a number of different races-----so I don't think we are related to everyone on the planet back in 1400s.........

The Tree of Life has many dead and broken branches.

Said by Charles Darwin.

So also has the

**Tree of Man**. Plague, wars, famine and climate change has trimmed the tree over aeons. It is a miracle that we are still here. It is__possible__that we might discover a way to__consciously__make this a happy world that can live forever.## Monday, June 28, 2010

### An Important Message

The important message is - it looks like world population is doing a flip!

Click photo to enlarge to full page size, and click back to return to text.

.........

Some say that the megacities will save us and that the population of the world will stabilise at 9 billion in 2050

......................

PS. 27/8/2010 My friend tells me that the population graph is not clear.

The straight line to northeast is the 2, 4, 8, 16, 32 etc; this is ancestor line

.....................

It intersects the population line and that is the point of maximum number of ancestors possible for one person. The common ancestors must be part of merging sooner in time, then merging to form limbs and trunk of human family tree(s).

........................................

Another important message is in http://www.earthmothercrying.org/

Please especially read Chief Oren Lyon's lecture which he gave

at the 24th Schumacher Lectures in 2004.

Click on the ice is melting photo:

We need to discuss matters that are important.

Remember that the ice is melting.

There may be a reason why there are so many of us on earth at this time.

Click on Medicine wheel photo:

Message that the earth could heal instantly if every one on earth would put away their toys of war and join together in peace.

..........................conundrum.............

Please check out on Yahoo! Answers "How many ancestors did you have 1000 years ago?"

Joseph T. Chang, Professor of Statistics at Yale University has given thought in Science News Sept 30, 2004, regarding our most recent common ancestors.

When I change the parameters of the x axis, then the increase does not look so dramatic.

Sorry this is sideways. How to fix this I don't know. Internet has a mind of its own.

I would be glad of any comments , please send email to tmvanam@gmail.com

PS 27/8/2010 There was a quote from an article on collapsing societies, eg the Anasazi, ie "The rich reserve for themselves the right to die last". This is a cue to live symbiotically and sustainably on planet earth.

PS 27/8/2010 There was a quote from an article on collapsing societies, eg the Anasazi, ie "The rich reserve for themselves the right to die last". This is a cue to live symbiotically and sustainably on planet earth.

## Thursday, June 24, 2010

### Heteronympha fluttered by **

This photo is such a beauty and it happened at a numinous moment in my garden.

Arid Australia and last February 2010 we had such a lot of rain!

There were butterflies floating through the garden and I wished I could have a photo of one.

As if it knew my thoughts, this Common Brown settled in a patch of sunlight near my right foot and I was able to put my new camera on macro and take this lovely shot. It felt like a blessing.

The knitted flowers can't be enlarged (photo is fixed).

Why do I put this in a blog on hyperbolae?

Answer is I can't resist the interplay of Heterodontus and Heteronympha.

(I know scientific names should be underlined, but I don't know how to do it.)

Plus there is a spin off from Heterodontus and it was quite unexpected:-

I used the long stitch, treble or double treble when crocheting the 5, 25, 125, 625 series.

ie 1, then 2, then 3, then 5.

Here it is, knitted. It's a bit tricky, because it does matter if you knit into the front or back of the stitch. You need to play with it to get it right.

It looks like a tubular flower. Just sew it together, and make yellow stamens etc for inside, add green stem and leaves.

The plain side can be inside or outside the flower.

So a whole corsage was made, to give as a gift to a dear friend on her 60th birthday, Hello Jan!

Oh dear- the photo won't allow itself to come down to this level on the page and I don't know how to fix it, so let's leave it where it is.

**Here are the instructions to knit these flowers:-**

Cast on 25 stitches in a pretty colour.

__Actually correction 2/1/2015. it is 23 to begin__.
knit 2 together twice, knit one; continue to end of row in this pattern, makes 15 stitches; turn.

purl 2 together, purl 1; repeat till end of row, makes 10 stitches; turn.

knit 2 together, 5 times, makes 5 stitches,

break thread and tie on green thread, ot wool.

purl 2 tog, twice, purl 1, makes 3 stitches

knit 2 tog, knit 1, makes 2 stitches

purl 2 tog, makes 1.

Continue on making some chains to make the stem.

make a leaf by knitting 5, then 3, then2, then 1, then add it to stem, knitting both together, and doing some more chains to lengthen stem,

Finish off. Sew flower part together in colour. Sew green sepal part together.

Make more of these and have a bunch of pretty flowers.

I used number 12 knitting needles and 1 or 2 ply fine tapestry wool (English, Applemore) but you can use any yarn at all. You could crochet them also, I guess, working from 1 stitch and reading the pattern backwards, increasing, knit 2 together to get 5, 10, 15, 25. (5x 1, 2, 3, 5.)

I do hope this pattern is OK to understand. It is Fibonacci again, ie, 1, 2, 3, 5.

***

---------------------------------------------------

***

**2/1/2015**I have re posted this Pattern recently in "some people and the models they make"---------------------------------------------------

### The Bifurcating Series **

John Gribbin wrote a fine book, "Deep Simplicity" and he discussed the Bifurcating Series.

Two dimensional graphs show chaos after 3 generations. I won't go on about it just now because I am far from home, writing this up at a Youth Hostel in Sydney, and I don't have my notes.

Dr Taimina is magically able to create shapes that the usual Euclidean Geometry cannot describe. It is to crochet that we turn.

Here is what 1, 2, 4, ........512, looks like.

It shows a butterfly shape when configured.

But.... there are at least 12 other possible configurations, and I need to draw them for a later post.

Now we have a model up to 1024 stitches on the outer row:-

4 spirals; very elegant.

Not only that, folks, it goes on to 16000 and 320000 or so:-

When crocheting I need to use the longer stitch, a treble or double treble crochet as this is easier to configure into complex spirals. The single crochet or half treble make for much more compact models, nice when making seashells.

OK, This shows that one can go on forever, the only constraining factors are the size of the room or the Universe, and the quantity of raw material available.

It'll be obvious when I post the graph of this series against hyperbolic axes graph.

After 1000 years there have been 50 generations

and 10 to the power 15 ancestors, a quadrillion, clearly an impossibility.

1000 years ago there were only half a billion humans on Earth, or so.

In about 1400, 600 years ago, the two lines intersect,

graph in next posts,

so there can never be more than a billion ancestors.

I checked it out on the Internet, on Yahoo! Answers,

One person observed that the family lineages merge,

like branches and limbs and trunk of a tree.

This question has not been solved, not yet.

I would love to ask Anastasia or Volodhya.

They are mathematically absolutely fast in their speed of thinking.

See Book 6 of The Ringing Cedar Series, "The Book of Kin".

On pages 58, 59 Volodhiya observed that

mother + father make child .

There is clearly a new way of looking at maths.

Maybe we should not be lazy, and try to figure it out ourselves.

Two dimensional graphs show chaos after 3 generations. I won't go on about it just now because I am far from home, writing this up at a Youth Hostel in Sydney, and I don't have my notes.

Dr Taimina is magically able to create shapes that the usual Euclidean Geometry cannot describe. It is to crochet that we turn.

Here is what 1, 2, 4, ........512, looks like.

It shows a butterfly shape when configured.

But.... there are at least 12 other possible configurations, and I need to draw them for a later post.

Now we have a model up to 1024 stitches on the outer row:-

4 spirals; very elegant.

Not only that, folks, it goes on to 16000 and 320000 or so:-

When crocheting I need to use the longer stitch, a treble or double treble crochet as this is easier to configure into complex spirals. The single crochet or half treble make for much more compact models, nice when making seashells.

OK, This shows that one can go on forever, the only constraining factors are the size of the room or the Universe, and the quantity of raw material available.

**Where is the conundrum?**It'll be obvious when I post the graph of this series against hyperbolic axes graph.

**What has happened regarding our ancestors back in time?**After 1000 years there have been 50 generations

and 10 to the power 15 ancestors, a quadrillion, clearly an impossibility.

1000 years ago there were only half a billion humans on Earth, or so.

In about 1400, 600 years ago, the two lines intersect,

graph in next posts,

so there can never be more than a billion ancestors.

I checked it out on the Internet, on Yahoo! Answers,

One person observed that the family lineages merge,

like branches and limbs and trunk of a tree.

This question has not been solved, not yet.

I would love to ask Anastasia or Volodhya.

They are mathematically absolutely fast in their speed of thinking.

See Book 6 of The Ringing Cedar Series, "The Book of Kin".

On pages 58, 59 Volodhiya observed that

**in a living system**,**1+1=3**.mother + father make child .

There is clearly a new way of looking at maths.

Maybe we should not be lazy, and try to figure it out ourselves.

### Heterodontus Does Crochet **

In a future post I will publish the graphs I have made of the Fibonacci Series, with the y axis being an imaginary hypothetical hyperbola of units 10 to the powers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, .....15.

The x axis is F1, F2, F3, ..... F(n).

What does the y axis look like?

It looks like a hyperbola when you begin to crochet it.

It configures into 5 spirals; this is one shape;

the blue and purple model.

there may be others.

This one is 10 stitches,

Next row has 10 stitches into each of the 10 stitches.

This makes 100 in row 2.

10 stitches into each of the 100 makes 1000 in row 3.

(I am working on 10 to the power 4 but it is in sewing machine cotton and very fine.

It would be too expensive to crochet the higher numbers with thicker yarn.)

..........................

I was reminded of spirals again -

when you fold the work in half it makes 8 spirals

This reminds me of the eggcase of Heterodontus portus jacksoni, but the real thing has only 4 spirals. I guessed that 5 was the base number, so I crocheted 5 chains.

In each chain I crocheted 5 stitches, making 25.

In each of thes 25 I crocheted 5, making 125.

Then the last row, I crocheted 5 in each of the125, making 625.

Fold it in half and sew it up and pad it

and there are 4 spirals!

I'll have some web refs next time for folk to look at of pictures of the real eggs of the Port Jackson Shark.

Plus I guess I might have to take a trip to Jervis Bay to try to find some eggcases on the beach.

I need to check out how the baby shark gets out- via the opening, one similar to the snailshapes?

Ideas, anyone? Let me know at tmvanam@gmail.com Thanks muchly.

I remember when I was a kid at Burnside Homes, we went to the Murdoch Holiday Home at Huskisson. After some big storms there were huge dead sharks washed up on the rocks!

..........................................

Not only does this remind me of shark eggs, but what about DNA, the double helix!

The bit of string hanging off is the first stitch. um...centromere...? or is that too far fetched?

........................................

OK next post is 2, 4, 8, 16 etc. It describes populations and particularly

THE ANCESTORS. Here is a great conundrum and a big message!

.......................................

The x axis is F1, F2, F3, ..... F(n).

What does the y axis look like?

It looks like a hyperbola when you begin to crochet it.

It configures into 5 spirals; this is one shape;

the blue and purple model.

there may be others.

This one is 10 stitches,

Next row has 10 stitches into each of the 10 stitches.

This makes 100 in row 2.

10 stitches into each of the 100 makes 1000 in row 3.

(I am working on 10 to the power 4 but it is in sewing machine cotton and very fine.

It would be too expensive to crochet the higher numbers with thicker yarn.)

..........................

**This is what it looks like.**I was reminded of spirals again -

when you fold the work in half it makes 8 spirals

This reminds me of the eggcase of Heterodontus portus jacksoni, but the real thing has only 4 spirals. I guessed that 5 was the base number, so I crocheted 5 chains.

In each chain I crocheted 5 stitches, making 25.

In each of thes 25 I crocheted 5, making 125.

Then the last row, I crocheted 5 in each of the125, making 625.

Fold it in half and sew it up and pad it

and there are 4 spirals!

I'll have some web refs next time for folk to look at of pictures of the real eggs of the Port Jackson Shark.

Plus I guess I might have to take a trip to Jervis Bay to try to find some eggcases on the beach.

I need to check out how the baby shark gets out- via the opening, one similar to the snailshapes?

Ideas, anyone? Let me know at tmvanam@gmail.com Thanks muchly.

I remember when I was a kid at Burnside Homes, we went to the Murdoch Holiday Home at Huskisson. After some big storms there were huge dead sharks washed up on the rocks!

..........................................

Not only does this remind me of shark eggs, but what about DNA, the double helix!

The bit of string hanging off is the first stitch. um...centromere...? or is that too far fetched?

........................................

OK next post is 2, 4, 8, 16 etc. It describes populations and particularly

THE ANCESTORS. Here is a great conundrum and a big message!

.......................................

## Wednesday, June 23, 2010

### Here are the Bivalves **

**Here is the New Pattern for Making a Bivalve.**

Click photo below to enlarge to page size.

Choose file and print preview, print if you need it.

The white crocheted model is this exactly. 610.

The configured white bivalves are at the end of this section.

16/8/2010 correction:- I found it is not possible to knit the pattern by following it backwards. There are 4 new ways to make this; please see a future blog in August.
1......The

Instructions were given April 29, 2010 and

**Original Pattern**is used to create the**hyperbolic**fan shape:Instructions were given April 29, 2010 and

May 25, 2010

and May 26, Variations....

Original Pattern was posted May 19, 2010.

The green one is knitted.

It begins with 610 stitches and decreases are made until 1 stitch is left..

The red and blue one is crocheted.

It begins with 1 stitch; outer edge has 610 stitches.

They will configure into spiral seashell shapes just like all the previous models.

However in Feb 2010 I found you can configure them into

..........................................................................The green one is knitted.

It begins with 610 stitches and decreases are made until 1 stitch is left..

The red and blue one is crocheted.

It begins with 1 stitch; outer edge has 610 stitches.

They will configure into spiral seashell shapes just like all the previous models.

However in Feb 2010 I found you can configure them into

**bivalves:-**2......

**The New Pattern at beginning of section was used**

**to crochet the next shapes:-**

**An Idea**: One day I (or anyone) might make a giant clam with deeply wavy lips, made in hemp string, knitted with 1 metre dowelling "knitting needles" and covered with Roman hydraulic cement (fine powdered clay and cement with minimal water added until it forms a gel= great material for sculpture.) A pinky grey satin pillow could be included for clam's inside body, and a big "pearl "could be embedded in the shell!

*****

**NB. As far as I am concerned, none of this work of mine is copyright.****The Fibonacci Series belongs to Great Nature and thus belongs to anyone who is interested to use it creatively and happily. Enjoy**!

............................................................................................

We have almost completed the work on Molluscs.

I still need to do a cross section.

I am awaiting permission from the publishers to use 3 photos of seashells with identifications, from "Australian Seashores in Colour" by Keith Gillettt and John Yaldwyn, a 1969 publication, dedicated to their mentors and colleagues Elizabeth Carrinton Pope and the late Frank Alexander McNeil, from the Australian Museum.

It seems the publisher AH&W Reed may no longer exist, so it is a problem to know what to do.

There is more work to do with vortexes and ripples, using the maths of Fibonacci series to make the models. The shapes have been made, they just need to be documented as they soon will be.

I would like to digress for a while, away from the Fibonacci series, to the

**Bifurcating series,****1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128**etc. and to the

**Series which are Powers of 5 and of 10**which make very interesting models.

............................................................

## Monday, June 21, 2010

### Unpacking the Fibonacci Series and the First Model **

Back in July 2007 I needed to find a sequence within the series which was amenable to crochet or knitting patterns. Above is a photo of a page from my Journal to illustrate. Another page from my Journal is above it. Click to enlarge to full size. Then go back to main text.

It was evident that 2 times F(n-2) plus F(n-3) was the Pattern.

eg 610=2x233+144

...................................

in the photo it is 377 stitches crocheted on the outer edge.

The model below is 144 stitches on the outer edge.

The second photo is of the models folded in half.

The 144 model looks like a bracket fungus, or like a pouch!

One thinks of endoderm, ectoderm etc and invagination--

the beginnings of cell division, maybe!

At the time I only knew to crochet in a circle was not the way to crochet a seashell,

so I had to make another Pattern and this is the one which works:-

It forms a hyperbolic geometric shape which folds in half to configure neatly into a shell spiral, as simple or a complex as one wishes to make.

Then I realised-- all one needed to do was fold it back the other way to get the right hand spiral.

There was a moment when I was gazing at the folded up model and I realised that the opening was just where a snail has its opening. It was OK

............................................................................

***Next post is of

**Bivalves.**They are made iaw a Pattern exactly half of the above design.
Fun and a bit tricky to make.

## Wednesday, May 26, 2010

### Who Was Fibonacci?

The Fibonacci Series was named after Leonardo of Pisa, a member of the Bonacci family.

Born in 1170 and died 1250.

He was educated in North Africa and studied mathematics with foremost scholars. His father, Guilielmo, held a diplomatic post. In 1200 the son ended his travels and returned to Pisa.

Leonardo introduced the Hindu-Arabic place-valued decimal system and the use of Arabic numerals into Europe. He also introduced the Fibonacci Series to western European Mathematics.

All this info I gleaned from Dr Ron Knott's website hosted by the Mathematics department of the University of Surrey, UK.

www.mcs.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Knott/Fibonacci/fib.html

Thus the Fibonacci Series was not invented by Mr Bonacci.

I believe that in those days The Middle East, including Baghdad, was the pinnacle of Art and Science. My guess is that the Fibonacci series goes back even further, to ancient Vedic times, when there were wise humans who understood the secrets of nature.

The best evocation of Vedic times that I have encountered is given by the Siberian Wisewoman, Anastasia, in the Ringing Cedars of Russia series, 9 books, by Vladimir Megre.

http://www.ringingcedars.com/ (also .au or .ru)

Especially see Book 6, "The Book of Kin", from page 94 for several chapters.

I would like to think that enough people care about Mother Earth, to help to save her and her beauty and magnificence. May it be so.

Born in 1170 and died 1250.

He was educated in North Africa and studied mathematics with foremost scholars. His father, Guilielmo, held a diplomatic post. In 1200 the son ended his travels and returned to Pisa.

Leonardo introduced the Hindu-Arabic place-valued decimal system and the use of Arabic numerals into Europe. He also introduced the Fibonacci Series to western European Mathematics.

All this info I gleaned from Dr Ron Knott's website hosted by the Mathematics department of the University of Surrey, UK.

www.mcs.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Knott/Fibonacci/fib.html

Thus the Fibonacci Series was not invented by Mr Bonacci.

I believe that in those days The Middle East, including Baghdad, was the pinnacle of Art and Science. My guess is that the Fibonacci series goes back even further, to ancient Vedic times, when there were wise humans who understood the secrets of nature.

The best evocation of Vedic times that I have encountered is given by the Siberian Wisewoman, Anastasia, in the Ringing Cedars of Russia series, 9 books, by Vladimir Megre.

http://www.ringingcedars.com/ (also .au or .ru)

Especially see Book 6, "The Book of Kin", from page 94 for several chapters.

I would like to think that enough people care about Mother Earth, to help to save her and her beauty and magnificence. May it be so.

### Hyperbolic Crochet on Radio **

Back in August 2009 I managed to catch an interview on ABC Radio National's Artworks program, Amanda Smith chatting with Margaret Wertheim about the Exhibition at Sydney's Powerhouse Museum during Science Week . It was The Sydney Hyperbolic Crochet Reef. Hundreds of people contributed to this colorful show and you can see some of it at http://www.sydneyreef.blogspot.com/

Science meets handicrafts with a view to bring attention to the plight of coral reefs.

When doing craft, time stops.

The algorithm used was " crochet 3 stitches, increase 1 in next stitch. " It's not rigid, you can play with the numbers, to create the shapes of nature.

Then, believe it or not, I caught the moment on radio when Emma Ayres on ABC Classic Breakfast in April gave us the news that Reuters announced the winner of the 2009 Diagram Prize for the Oddest Title for a Book was "Crocheting Adventures with the Hyperbolic Plane" by Dr Daina Taimina. "Splendidly eccentric" said one newspaper, another said "superb juxtaposition...", "the two worlds collide in a captivating and completely breathless way".

You can view this elegant and erudite book on www.amazon.com/Crocheting-Adventures-Hyperbolic-Planes-Taimina/dp/1568814526

and you can see her words on http://www.hyperbolic-crochet.blogspot.com/

In fact, Dr Taimina has gracefully corresponded with me by email and she gave me a lovely site to follow http://www.hellejorgensen.typepad.com/

Hello Emma! I believe our ABC Radio has the most wonderful music and radio journalism - I listen whenever I can -- and people all over the world listen online www.abc.net.au/rn or www.abc.net.au/classic

I describe my own work as "simple and curious".

Cheers to youse all!

Science meets handicrafts with a view to bring attention to the plight of coral reefs.

When doing craft, time stops.

The algorithm used was " crochet 3 stitches, increase 1 in next stitch. " It's not rigid, you can play with the numbers, to create the shapes of nature.

Then, believe it or not, I caught the moment on radio when Emma Ayres on ABC Classic Breakfast in April gave us the news that Reuters announced the winner of the 2009 Diagram Prize for the Oddest Title for a Book was "Crocheting Adventures with the Hyperbolic Plane" by Dr Daina Taimina. "Splendidly eccentric" said one newspaper, another said "superb juxtaposition...", "the two worlds collide in a captivating and completely breathless way".

You can view this elegant and erudite book on www.amazon.com/Crocheting-Adventures-Hyperbolic-Planes-Taimina/dp/1568814526

and you can see her words on http://www.hyperbolic-crochet.blogspot.com/

In fact, Dr Taimina has gracefully corresponded with me by email and she gave me a lovely site to follow http://www.hellejorgensen.typepad.com/

Hello Emma! I believe our ABC Radio has the most wonderful music and radio journalism - I listen whenever I can -- and people all over the world listen online www.abc.net.au/rn or www.abc.net.au/classic

I describe my own work as "simple and curious".

Cheers to youse all!

### How did I begin this adventure? **

In the 1970s and 1980s I read "The Secret Life of Plants" and :Secrets of the Soil" by Peter Tomkins and Christopher Bird. In Chapter 9 of the latter, The Vortex of Life, the Fibonacci series of numbers, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, was mentioned. ....internal corkscrew patterns... similar to seashells and animal horns....The Vedas describe the Universe as ellipsoidal. In the 1930s a professor of Mathematics said the entire universe revolves around a geometrical form which is a rectangular hyperbola. Schwenk wrote -vortexial formative processes in nature .......

Reich wrote of the creation of matter from the throat of cosmic vortices such as nebulae.....

Back then, I thought how good it would be to make a Nautilus shell form in accordance with the Fibonacci series. Curiosity compels one to follow certain directions.

The big clue was an article in my favourite UK magazine, Resurgence. http://www.resurgence.org/ in the July/August 2007 issue, on page 43. I quote verbatim:-

"Ïn 1997 Dr Daina Taimina discovered how to make models of the geometry known as hyperbolic space using the art of crochet. Until that time most mathematicians believed it impossible to construct physical models of hyperbolic forms, yet nature has been doing just that for hundreds of millions of years. It turns out that many marine organisms embody hyperbolic geometry, among them kelps, corals, sponges and nudibranches."

The website was given of The Institute for Figuring http://www.theiff.org/

Co-directors Margaret and Christine Wertheim are curators of a splendid exhibition of Crocheted Hyperbolic Coral Reefs. (Also check out the computational origami of Robert Lang, laser physicist!). There I found more from Dr Taimina - "as you move away from a point, the space around it increases exponentially....knit or crochet...ruffle and crenellate. Íncrease 1 stitch in every 3, you get a pseudosphere- the hyperbolic equivalent of a cone.....if you increase once in every stitch it becomes increasingly crenellated....you can increase 2 or 3 times in every stitch...."

Thus I also began the adventure, trying to figure out how to crochet the Fibonacci Series.

More in the next episode of blogspot, from Tiiu V.

Reich wrote of the creation of matter from the throat of cosmic vortices such as nebulae.....

Back then, I thought how good it would be to make a Nautilus shell form in accordance with the Fibonacci series. Curiosity compels one to follow certain directions.

The big clue was an article in my favourite UK magazine, Resurgence. http://www.resurgence.org/ in the July/August 2007 issue, on page 43. I quote verbatim:-

"Ïn 1997 Dr Daina Taimina discovered how to make models of the geometry known as hyperbolic space using the art of crochet. Until that time most mathematicians believed it impossible to construct physical models of hyperbolic forms, yet nature has been doing just that for hundreds of millions of years. It turns out that many marine organisms embody hyperbolic geometry, among them kelps, corals, sponges and nudibranches."

The website was given of The Institute for Figuring http://www.theiff.org/

Co-directors Margaret and Christine Wertheim are curators of a splendid exhibition of Crocheted Hyperbolic Coral Reefs. (Also check out the computational origami of Robert Lang, laser physicist!). There I found more from Dr Taimina - "as you move away from a point, the space around it increases exponentially....knit or crochet...ruffle and crenellate. Íncrease 1 stitch in every 3, you get a pseudosphere- the hyperbolic equivalent of a cone.....if you increase once in every stitch it becomes increasingly crenellated....you can increase 2 or 3 times in every stitch...."

Thus I also began the adventure, trying to figure out how to crochet the Fibonacci Series.

More in the next episode of blogspot, from Tiiu V.

### Variations on a Hyperbolic Theme **

Following on from the previous posting:-

To make a larger and softer model of a snailshell one can crochet or knit one or more plain rows between each Pattern row.

If an even number of plain rows are made, then here is the simple pattern:-

1

(1 x 2) + 0

(1 x 2) + 1

(2 x 2) + 1 ...............................makes 5

(5 x 2)+ 3 ...........................................13

(8 x 2) + 5 ...........................................21

(13 x 2) + 8 .........................................34

(21 x 2) + 13 .......................................55

(34 x 2) + 21 .......................................89

(55 x 2) + 34 ......................................144

(89 x 2) + 55 ......................................233

(144 x 2) + 89 ....................................377

(233 x 2) + 144 ..................................610

(377 x 2) + 233 ..................................987

(610 x 2) + 377 ..................................1597

(987 x 2) + 610 ..................................2584 etc

If 1 or an odd number of plain rows are inserted then the pattern needs to alternate:-

1

(1 x 2) + 0

1 + (1 x 2) ............................Makes 3

(2 x 2) + 1 ....................................." 5

2 + (3 x 2) .......................................8

(5 x 2) + 3 .......................................13

5 + (8 x 2) .......................................21

(13 x 2) + 8 .....................................34

13 + (21 x 2) ...................................55

(34 x 2) + 21 ..................................89

34 + (55 x 2 ).................................144

(89 x 2) + 55 .................................233

89 + (144 x 2) ...............................377

(233 x 2) + 144 .............................610

233 + (377 x 2) ..............................987

(610 x 2) + 377 .............................1597

610 + (987 x 2) ............................2584 etc.

Half treble crochet stitch

wool round hook, hook into loop, wool round hook, pull through all 3 loops.

To knit, use the same patterns but work backwards and decrease in accordance with the Fibonacci series by knitting 2 together.

With variations, the sky is the limit.

Someone could even make a huge model stuffed with pillows.

I live in a caravan on 2 acres, without electricity or a car, so I prefer small models.

One can embroider stripes up the shape.

There is a species, Nodilittorina tuberculata, which has a pattern of knobs along the spiral. I tried to copy this by regularly bunching up the edge as I sewed up.

Janthina is pale violet on top and dark violet underneath.

On Feb 14 this year, Valentine's Day, I noticed that this very same hyperbolic shape for snail shells can also configure into a bivalve! One coils the shape from the 2 pointy edges. When I have photos of complete models I will post them.

I am told that thousands of people are making crocheted hyperbolic shapes all over the world and I am glad to discover more ideas.

Enough for now from Tiiu V.

To make a larger and softer model of a snailshell one can crochet or knit one or more plain rows between each Pattern row.

If an even number of plain rows are made, then here is the simple pattern:-

1

(1 x 2) + 0

(1 x 2) + 1

(2 x 2) + 1 ...............................makes 5

(5 x 2)+ 3 ...........................................13

(8 x 2) + 5 ...........................................21

(13 x 2) + 8 .........................................34

(21 x 2) + 13 .......................................55

(34 x 2) + 21 .......................................89

(55 x 2) + 34 ......................................144

(89 x 2) + 55 ......................................233

(144 x 2) + 89 ....................................377

(233 x 2) + 144 ..................................610

(377 x 2) + 233 ..................................987

(610 x 2) + 377 ..................................1597

(987 x 2) + 610 ..................................2584 etc

If 1 or an odd number of plain rows are inserted then the pattern needs to alternate:-

1

(1 x 2) + 0

1 + (1 x 2) ............................Makes 3

(2 x 2) + 1 ....................................." 5

2 + (3 x 2) .......................................8

(5 x 2) + 3 .......................................13

5 + (8 x 2) .......................................21

(13 x 2) + 8 .....................................34

13 + (21 x 2) ...................................55

(34 x 2) + 21 ..................................89

34 + (55 x 2 ).................................144

(89 x 2) + 55 .................................233

89 + (144 x 2) ...............................377

(233 x 2) + 144 .............................610

233 + (377 x 2) ..............................987

(610 x 2) + 377 .............................1597

610 + (987 x 2) ............................2584 etc.

Half treble crochet stitch

wool round hook, hook into loop, wool round hook, pull through all 3 loops.

To knit, use the same patterns but work backwards and decrease in accordance with the Fibonacci series by knitting 2 together.

With variations, the sky is the limit.

Someone could even make a huge model stuffed with pillows.

I live in a caravan on 2 acres, without electricity or a car, so I prefer small models.

One can embroider stripes up the shape.

There is a species, Nodilittorina tuberculata, which has a pattern of knobs along the spiral. I tried to copy this by regularly bunching up the edge as I sewed up.

Janthina is pale violet on top and dark violet underneath.

On Feb 14 this year, Valentine's Day, I noticed that this very same hyperbolic shape for snail shells can also configure into a bivalve! One coils the shape from the 2 pointy edges. When I have photos of complete models I will post them.

I am told that thousands of people are making crocheted hyperbolic shapes all over the world and I am glad to discover more ideas.

Enough for now from Tiiu V.

## Tuesday, May 25, 2010

### PHOTO GALLERY OF ALL MY SHELL MODELS, so far **.

The shapes in the top photo were knitted and the other photo shows all crocheted shell shapes, all iaw the Fibonacci Series of numbers.

I wanted the purple ones to look like Janthina janthina.

I'll post a larger Pattern for the numbers, just for good measure. .......

Funny! It ended up at the top of the page. I can't quite figure it out how to manage this blog, but it is OK anyways. Cheers from Tiiu V.

### More Seashell Photo Gallery **

### Photo Gallery of Models of Seashells, crocheted and knitted. **

Hello

Here goes and I hope the images come up OK.

Instructions were given in the previous posting of how to make them.

......................................................................................................................

I see the photos have arranged differently from what I expected!

Anyway it is possible to see what the crocheted form looks like before and after being sewn up and padded.

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